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Ingredients


Want to know a bit more about what’s in our products and what is not in them? You’ve come to the right place. Listed in this section, in alphabetical order, are most of the ingredients we use, from seawater to seaweed, from allantoin to vitis vinifera.  You will learn about Jack-jump-up-and-kiss-me and Eye of Newt. We have even thrown in a few lines of Shakespeare and a recipe or two.  We’ve tried to make this section as informative, and sometimes entertaining, as possible. We have scoured hundreds of websites to learn about all this stuff. We have put everything into our own words, sometimes doing only one or two ingredients a day. Almost all of what we learned was found on Wikipedia, and just about all of our images are licensed from iStockPhoto.  A few of them we took ourselves. We also often found ourselves reading information on healthcare sites or university and research databases.

Witches Brew?  Really?  How about what is NOT in our formulas?  “I’d much rather wash my face with chocolate than with plastic.”  That quote got our attention.  It’s from researcher Sherri Mason, an associate professor of chemistry at the State University of New York, Fredonia.  Read on.

What is she talking about?  Have you heard of micro-plastics?  These are tiny spherical particles of polyethylene also referred to as micro-beads, and are often used in cosmetics and toothpastes. These little guys are bad news for everyone.  They are so small, they pass right through municipal water systems, ending up back in the environment and our oceans.  The worst part is, they almost never disappear. Sadly, these man-made elements are beginning to make their way into our food-chain.  You can read more about micro-beads and Dr. Mason in this piece done by NPR.  Ocean Rescue formulas, in particular our exfoliants, use only natural ground pearl and pumice crystals, never artificial poly-anything.  We are also working on bamboo exfoliants.  We’ll let you know as they are introduced.

We’ve barely scratched the surface on what’s available out there, but you can see how long our list is. If you’d like to do more of your own research, head to our Research/Links section and take your pick of our resources.

Algae Extracts

 Algae Extracts are used in all Ocean Rescue formulas for their rich content of vital minerals and nutrients from the sea. They help the skin retain moisture and absorb the nutrients quickly. These extracts also contain amino acids which are found in the body’s blood stream. All seaweeds are a type of algae. It is one of the richest and most complete sources of minerals, vitamins, antioxidants and amino acids on the planet.

 

 

Allantoin

Allantoin is a gentle, skin-friendly chemical compound found in the medicinal plant comfrey. Ocean Rescue integrates allantoin into products to work against dry and damaged skin cells for a more enhanced, radiant complexion. Allantoin is also used to suppress skin inflammation such as sunburns, eczema, acne, and wounds.

Allantoin is found in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer and Botanical Balancing Cleanser.

 

 

Aloe Barbadenis (Aloe Vera)

Aloe Vera extracts and gel are derived from the aloe vera plant.  It has healing and anti-irritant agents that have the natural ability to soothe and regenerate skin cells with little to no scaring. Aloe vera easily penetrates the skin and helps the body rid itself of dead skin cells and fights infection. Ocean Rescue uses aloe vera in our cleansing formulas. It is especially well-suited for sensitive skin types. Aloe vera is a well-known adaptogen, which boosts the body’s natural ability to adapt to external changes and resist illness. Aloe vera gel will also help soothe sunburns, rashes, abrasions, and insect bites.

Aloe Vera Gel is found in our Botanical Balancing Cleanser.  Aloe Barbadenis Leaf Extract is found in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Alpha Bisabolol (Chamomile)

Apha Bisabolol is the primary active component of German Chamomile. It has anti-inflammatory, healing, soothing, and anti-microbial properties. Alpha bisabolol has a light floral aroma and is ideal for use in cosmetics and skin care formulations.

Alphs Bisabolol used in our  Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Amyris Balsamifera

Amyris Balsamifera, sometimes known as torchwood, is from the citrus family and native to the West Indies.  The tree bears an edible fruit and is known for its highly aromatic properties.  It is used extensively in the aromatherapy field and valued for its cooling and calming properties.

Amyris Balsamifera is found in our Marine+ Vitamin C Serum

 

 

Aqua (Purified Water)

Aqua (Purified Water) is water that has been filtered to remove trace contaminants, in many cases down to almost immeasurable levels of parts per billion or parts per trillion.  Distilled water is a form of purified water.  Purified water is widely used in many skin care products and is usually distilled on site.  Skin care manufacturers take great care to insure the maintenance and cleanliness of filtration systems. Reputable manufacturers check and inspect systems regularly.

Purified water or Isotonic Sea Water is in almost all of Ocean Rescue’s products.

 

 

Arnica Montana

Arnica Montana is a rare plant and is actually protected in many European countries, but now cultivated on a large scale in Estonia.  It grows as a tall, aromatic herb with large yellow flowers and is part of the sunflower family.  It has been used as an herbal medicine for centuries and is rich in essential oils and fatty acids.  It is used mainly for its anti-inflammatory properties.  Arnica Montana is a pretty cool name, but this herb has a number of other interesting stage names:  led by Leopard’s Bane, Mountain Tobacco and Mountain Arnica are some of the more colorful ones.  Arnica, if you are wondering, comes from the Greek arni with translates to lamb.  Think of soft, hairy leaves and you’ll get it.  You can probably guess where the Montana part comes from…it’s derived from the Spanish word montaña, which when translated, means mountain.

Arnica Montana is found in our Dual Action Cooling Gel, Sea Clear Cleansing Gel, and Citrus Cleansing Milk.

 

 

Artemisia Vulgaris (Mugwort, also Yomogi)

Artemisia Vulgaris grows throughout Europe and Asia and has been widely used medicinally and as an herb to flavor food.  As to skin care, leaves of the plant help to relieve burning and itching and is used as a skin conditioning agent.  Artemisia Vulgaris suffers from a wide range of personality defects.  This poor plant goes by many other names.  We found Chrysanthemum Weed, Riverside Wormwood, Felon Herb, Wild Wormwood, Sailor’s Tobacco, Naughty Man, St. John’s plant, and our personal favorite…Old Uncle Henry.  We have no idea why all the different names.  And if those weren’t enough, in Japan it is called Yomogi, which of all its names, is the most fun one to say.  Mugwort?  Where does that come from?  Mug, thought to be derived from the fact that the plant was used to flavor varies drinks (mug, drinks…get it?), and wort, which in the old days was spelled wyrt, meaning root or herb.

Artemisia Vulgaris is used in our Marine Body Silk and Marine Hydrating Mask.  See also our Essential Oils section.

 

 

Arctic Peptides

Arctic Peptides are extracts are from Irish Moss.  The seaweed that creates these peptides are harvested north of the Arctic Circle in very cold water.   Applied to the skin, they act to tone and firm muscle and aids with retaining hydration.

Arctic Peptides are found in our Marine Firming Cream.

 

 

Astaxanthin

Astaxanthin is a carotenoid that acts as a powerful antioxidant.  The primary source of astaxanthin is the microalgae known as haematococcus pluvialis.  The derivation of 40 grams astaxanthin requires about 1,000 grams of bio-mass.  The microalgae grows very rapidly, roughly doubling every week.  It does however require a high level of expertise to grow the cells from which astaxanthin is derived.  Essentially, during the growth phase, the cells develop protective measures against environmental stress which results in its antioxidant properties.  Astaxanthin has a reddish pigment and causes the distinctive color in salmon, lobster, shrimp and other seafood.  Its use in cosmetics is relatively recent.  It is valued for its ability to protect against environmental stress, sunburn, and the way the immune system functions by protecting against cell damage.  It is also being researched for its ability to treat high cholesterol and certain types of cancer.  It is considered a more potent antioxidant than vitamin E and is easily absorbed by the skin.

Astaxanthin is found in our Antioxidant Marine Serum, Oxygenated Marine Complex, and Sensitive Skin Calming Oil.

 

 

Bentonite

Bentonite is one of our more interesting ingredients, at least to the extent you want to go to the trouble of figuring out the number of things it can be used for.  First, before we frighten you with its other uses, let’s review where it comes from.  Bentonite is a naturally occurring clay, typically formed from the weathering of volcanic ash.  Its properties for cosmetic use include acting as a binder, a natural preservative, and as an absorption agent.  It is used topically to treat wounds and protect against exposure to poison ivy and poison oak.  The first thing we found that made bentonite amusing was the apparent “controversy” of what to call its various forms, and believe us, there are quite a few.  We love the way Wikipedia puts it.  And we quote:  “Experts debate a number of nomenclatorial problems with the classification of bentonite clays.”  What?  We never knew that “Name that Clay” was an actual sport.  And no kidding, in addition to its wide use in the medical and cosmetic industries, it can be found in everything from well-made sand castles to rocket engine nozzles.  Who knew?  That’s enough for our index.  Look it up if you want to know more.

Bentonite is used in our Marine Hydrating Mask.

 

 

Beta-Glucan

Beta-Glucans are beta-D-glucose polysaccharides found commonly in plants, mushrooms, and cereal grains, among other natural substances.  They are used as texturing agents and as soluble fiber supplements.  Beta glucan works at the molecular level so the picture is really really hard to see.

Beta-Glucan is found in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter)

Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter) is derived from the nut of the Karite tree, which is native to Africa. Ocean Rescue uses this deep moisturizing ingredient for its high content of Vitamin E to treat dark spots, skin discoloration, stretch marks, blemishes, and scar prevention. Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter) is anti-inflammatory and penetrates the skin for a smooth and soft feel.  It is recommended for the treatment of dry skin, eczema and minor burns.

Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter) can be found in our Citrus Cleansing Milk, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Marine Bio-Repair Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Marine Hydrating Mask, MicroPearl Exfoliator, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, Purifying Sea Mask, ReFresh Marine Cleanser, Vitamin C Eye Serum, and Botanical Balancing Cleanser.

 

 

Caffeine

 

Caffeine is an effective ingredient in our Dual Action Cooling Gel formula to assist in relieving pain and swelling. Caffeine is a bitter, white crystalline xanthine alkaloid that is a psychoactive stimulant (see owl). It contains potent anti-inflammatory properties that make it ideal for reducing inflammation and redness in the skin, feet and lower back. Coffee bushes and small trees produce the best beans when grown at high altitudes in a tropical climate where there is rich soil.

Caffeine is an ingredient in our Dual Action Cooling Gel.

 

 

Calendula Officinalis (Common Marigold)

Calendula Officinalis (Common Marigold) are flowers grown in Northern Europe, best known for their calming, anti-inflammatory and skin-healing properties. Ocean Rescue uses Calendula as both an astringent and an antiseptic, which is especially good for skin that is sensitive, environmentally damaged, acne-prone, irritated or chapped.

Calendula Officinalis is an ingredient used in our Botanical Balancing Cleanser and the flower oil is used in our Citrus Cleansing Milk.

 

 

Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Extract

Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Extract can be found in the Green Tea plant which originated in China and is found throughout Asia. The extract of green tea has many skin health benefits. Its main role in the Ocean Rescue formulas is to prevent collagen breakdown and reduce UV damage to the skin. It contains catechins, which speed up metabolism and is very high in antioxidants (about double that of vitamin C). It is also used to treat acne and help prevent breakouts.

Green Tea Extract is in our All Day Hydrating Mist, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, and Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Camphor

Camphor is often used as an essential medicinal ingredient for the treatment of backaches, muscle soreness and joint pain caused by arthritis and other inflammations. Camphor is a natural pain relieving oil extracted from the bark and wood of the cinnamomum camphora tree, native to Vietnam, China and Japan. It cools the skin, stimulates and disinfects.

Camphor is found in our Dual Action Cooling Gel and Spot on Acne.

 

 

Cananga Odorata (Ylang ylang)

Cananga Odorata (Ylang ylang) is used as an essential oil from the flower of this tropical tree, native to the Philippines.  It is described as “sea star” in appearance, which of course we readily agree with.  Its delicate fragrance is used as a natural scent.  The oil also helps control sebum secretions that cause skin irritations.  Where does the name come from?  It is from Tagalog, one of the languages spoken in the Philippines.  Many of you will be pleased to know that it is also considered an aphrodisiac.  Newlyweds in Indonesia will often find the ylang ylang flower on their beds.  Now, if you are a soon to be newlywed and decide to ask the good folks at the front desk if they can locate some for you for your own post-ceremonial evening activities, you have to know how to pronounce it, right?  It goes like this:  EElang elang with the emphasis on the first ylang.  Your own you own at this point.

Cananga Odorata (Ylang ylang) is found in our Marine+ Vitamin C Serum and Marine Hydrating Mask.

 

 

Caprylic / Capric Triglycerides

Caprylic / Capric triglycerides are derived from certain parts of the coconut.  It is high in fatty acids and is especially suited for sensitive skin.  It is almost colorless and odorless, and used as a natural emulsifier.  This natural oil helps extend shelf life, but its main benefit is in helping the skin retain moisture.  When applied in our formulas, it penetrates the skin quickly, leaving a smooth, silky feel.

Capric triglycerides are used in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Cetearyl Glucoside

Cetearyl Glucoside is a coconut derived emulsifier, produced using ecologically-friendly principles and without the use of solvents. It helps bind moisturizers together and maintain their consistency.

Cetearyl Glucoside can be found in our Botanical Balancing Cleanser, Citrus Cleansing Milk, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Marine Hydrating Mask, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, ReFresh Marine Cleanser, and Vitamin C Eye Serum.

 

 

Chamomilla Recutita (Chamomile, Alpha Bisabolol, German Chamomile)

Chamomilla Recutita (Chamomile, Alpha Bisabolol, German Chamomile) is made from the flower head of the German Chamomile plant.  The alpha form is also found in other plants and is an ingredient often used in skin care products.  It is rich in Vitamin B.  As an active ingredient, it is effective in trans-dermal penetration and promotes the reduction of stress, skin inflammations, and promotes the healing process of damaged skin.  It is widely used in moisturizers and sun screen products.

Chamomilla Recutita is found in our Marine Body Silk.

 

 

Chlorella Vulgaris (Algae Extract)

Chlorella Vulgaris (Algae Extract) (Dermochlorella or microalga) delivers antioxidant benefits that can help skin by reducing the appearance of stress. Extracted from a single-cell green algae, it is a skin conditioning and protective agent. This is due to its rich source of carotenoids, a family of nutrients that when applied to the skin, protects it from the harmful effects of UV rays (pigmentation, sunburn, cancer). Chlorella vulgaris gets its name from its high quantity of rejuvenating and detoxifying chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is one of the most powerful food substances on earth.  It is found in nearly all species of green plants.  It is a naturally occurring molecule that gives plants their green color and is also responsible for facilitating one of the most incredibly miraculous processes on earth – the process of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process that converts sunlight energy, water and carbon dioxide into our primary source of fuel – glucose.  By weight, this little green algae is about 60% protein and is extremely rich in vitamins and minerals. It contains Vitamins C, E, A, and all the B’s (including B12), as well as iron, calcium, magnesium, zinc, and iodine among other minerals.  Vulgaris by the way means “of the masses” or “common.”

Chlorella Vulgaris Extract is in our Oxygenated Marine Complex, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, and Marine Firming Cream.

 

 

Chondrus Crispus (Irish Moss)

Chondrus Crispus (Irish Moss) – this type of Irish Moss is a red algae, sometimes referred to as a sea vegetable.  It consists of protein and minerals and is rich in iodine and sulfur.  When boiled, it can hold many times its weight in water and forms a jell-like consistency.  It is widely used in many food products as well in a wide variety of cosmetic formulations.

Chondrus Crispus is found in our Botanical Balancing Cleanser, Dual Action Cooling Gel, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine Firming Cream, Purifying Sea Mask, Marine Hydrating Mask, MicroPearl Exfoliator, Sea Clear Cleansing Gel, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, and ReFresh Marine Cleanser.

 

 

Citrus Aurantifolia (Organic, Key Lime) oil

Citrus Aurantifolia (Organic, Key Lime), which as you can guess, is the main ingredient for Key Lime Pie.  We thought about selling Key Lime Pie but wiser minds prevailed when we realized that it is really messy when used as a skin care product and there is no discernible benefit no matter how long you leave it on.  However, the oil of this fruit, always used in tiny quantities, is used as a natural scent.

Organic Citrus Aurantifolia oil is used in our All Day Hydrating Mist, Citrus Cleansing Milk, and Marine Hydrating Mask.  Please don’t taste it not matter how much you want some Key Lime pie.

 

Citrus Aurantium Amara (Organic, Seville Orange) oil

Citrus Aurantium Amara (Organic, Seville Orange) – think marmalade here, comes from a flowering, fruit-bearing evergreen tree native to tropical Asia, producing Neroli Oil. It is used to improve the tone and texture of skin, and to control inflammation.

Organic Citrus Aurantium Amara oil is found in our All Day Hydrating Mist, Marine Firming Cream, MicroPearl Exfoliator, Sensitive Skin Calming Oil, and HydraBoost Recovery Cream.

 

 

Citrus Paradisi (Grapefruit)

Come on.  Everyone knows what a grapefruit looks like.

Citrus Paradisi (Grapefruit or Citrus Racemosa)  is very rich in antioxidants and vitamins. When applied topically, the fruit provides an array of skin care benefits and is effective in brightening skin and fighting off free radicals. It is also a highly effective plant-based preservative. When consumed, it provides the body with important nutrients essential for healthy glowing skin. Citrus Paradisi originated in Barbados as a subtropical citrus evergreen tree known for its sour to semi-sweet fruit.

Citrus Paradisi is found in our Blemish Antiseptic Oil, Purifying Sea Mask, Marine Body Silk, Oxygenated Marine Complex, Spot on Acne, Antioxidant Marine Serum, MicroPearl Exfoliator, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Marine Hydrating Mask, Sea Clear Cleansing Gel, and Vitamin C Eye Serum.

 

 

Cocos Nucifera (Virgin Coconut)

Cocos Nucifera (Virgin Coconut) oil is extracted from the inside of a coconut. It easily penetrates the surface of the skin with its antioxident properties. This oil is excellent for moisturizing and can help serve as a protective layer that retains the moisture in the skin. Coconut oil is used in Ocean Rescue products as an effective humectant (attracts and retains moisture, opposite of desiccant). It is very mild and perfect for people with sensitive skin.

Cocos Nucifera (Virgin Coconut) oil can be found in our HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, Sensitive Skin Calming Oil, Vitamin C Eye Serum, Citrus Cleansing Milk, and Marine Firming Cream.

 

 

Comfrey Root

Comfrey is an herb that lives in damp grassy locations particularly in Europe. It is very high in calcium and vitamin C. The Latin name itself translates to “knitting together.”  One of the main therapeutic substances in comfrey is allantoin, an anti-inflammatory that perks up the immune system encouraging new skin and cell growth.


Comfrey root
 can be found in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Cymbopogon Schoenanthus (Lemongrass)

Cymbopogon Schoenanthus (Lemongrass) oil is used as a tonic and fragrance additive in cosmetic products. Its anti-bacterial properties and anti-fungal capabilities make it an excellent choice for oilier skin types. This is an effective ingredient used as a natural lemon scent and in products used to calm inflamed skin.

Cymbopogon Schoenanthus oil is found in our Purifying Sea Mask, Marine Hydrating Mask, and Marine Body Silk.

 

 

Daucus Carota (Carrot Seed)

Daucus Carota (Carrot Seed) is derived, as the name implies, as an essential oil from the seeds of this wild flower.  It is a detoxifier and adds elasticity to the skin.  It is used to calm any number of skin inflammations and helps fight off age spots and reduce fine lines.  It has a variety of other names, apparently due to the lacy nest-like shape of the head.  Ready?  Bird’s Nest, Bishop’s Lace, and Queen Anne’s Lace.  Fun fact:  When put in water with coloring, the head of the flower quickly changes to the same color.  Not all that exciting, but right up there as far as tricks with flowers go.

Daucus Carota (Carrot Seed) is used in our Sensitive Skin Calming Oil.

 

 

Decyl Glucoside

Decyl Glucoside is an extremely mild and gentle nonionic plant-based surfactant naturally derived from sugar and recommended for sensitive skin. It is used in natural cleanser and shampoo formulas.

Decyl Glucoside is found in our MicroPearl Exfoliator, Botanical Balancing Cleanser, ReFresh Marine Cleanser, Citrus Cleansing Milk, and SeaClear Cleansing Gel.

 

 

Dexapanthenol

Dexapanthenol is a form of vitamin B5 and used in many cosmetic products as a moisturizer.  It is effective in moving moisture from the atmosphere into the outer surfaces of the skin.  Often mixed with allantoin, it is also used to treat sunburn and minor skin disorders by improving hydration and healing.

Dexapanthenol is used in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Essential Oils – Organic

Essential Oils are very different than pressed oils and extracts.  Essential oil from any plant is the essence of the plant itself and is really the source of its fragrance and healing power.  There are many techniques to making essential oils but one of the most common is through the use of steam, in a process similar to distillation. The result is a highly concentrated, aromatic pure liquid that really isn’t an oil as much as is the “spirit” of the plant.  They are used extensively in premium skin care products, aromatherapy, and in the mixing of high quality perfumes.

Making essential oils is an expensive process.  It requires expertise to understand what plants have what kinds of healing powers and how the essential oil is to be used.  These liquids are delicate and fragile as well, and great care is needed for their care and use in order to preserve the wealth of power these oils offer.

All of our essential oils were upgraded to organic quality in 2016.

Ocean Rescue uses a number of essential oils in our formulas and we are working with our manufacturer to understand how other essential oils can make our products even better at a cost that remains reasonable.

 

 

Essential Oil of Artemisia Vulgaris (Organic, Mugwort)

Essential Oil of Artemisia Vulgaris (Organic, Mugwort).  Sounds like it comes straight from the pages of Harry Potter and the Beachwalkers.  Actually, Professor Snape tells us that this essential oil comes from the leaves of the herbal Mugwort plant. It relieves burning and itching, and is used as a skin conditioning agent.  Mugwort is also high in Vitamin C.  This plant has some other interesting names, including Old Uncle Henry, Felon Herb, Chrysanthemum Weed, and Naughty Man.  Just for fun, the French word is Armoise, which sounds a lot more romantic than Mugwort to us.

Organic Essential Oil of Mugwort is used in our Marine Body Silk and Marine Hydrating Mask.

Now if we could just get our orchideous spell to work.

 

 

Essential Oil of Citrus limon (Organic, Lemon)

Essential Oil of Citrus limon (Organic, Lemon) acts as a natural cleanser. This essential oil is an antioxidant and is said to improve concentration and to cleanse and purify the skin. It is derived primarily from the rind of the lemon.

Shine on.

Organic Essential Oil of Citrus limon is used in our Marine+ Vitamin C Serum

 

 

Essential Oil of Citrus paradisi (Organic, Grapefruit)

Essential Oil of Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) is a more pure, concentrated form of our grapefruit oil.  It specially used to treat dry and dull skin and provides extra hydration.  We also use it to for its refreshing natural scent.

You will find Organic Essential Oil of Citrus paradisi in our All Day Hydrating Mist,Citrus Cleansing Milk, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, and Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer.

 

 

Essential Oil of Lavandula angustifolia (Organic, Lavender)

Essential Oil of Lavandula angustifolia (Organic, Lavender) is extracted from the flowers of the lavender plant, primarily through steam distillation. It is a complex mixture of naturally occurring phytochemicals used extensively in aromatherapy. Lavender essential oil calms and soothes the skin. It is also used to treat sun damaged skin.

Organic Essential Oil of Lavender is used in our Blemish Antiseptic Oil, Sensitive Skin Calming Oil, Marine Body Silk, ReFresh Marine Cleanser, Marine Hydrating Mask, Spot on Acne, and Purifying Sea Mask.

 

 

 

Essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (Organic, Tea Tree)

Essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (Organic, Tea Tree) is a natural antidote for acne, sunburns as well as other mild skin conditions. It supports the immune system with its antiseptic, antimicrobial, antifungal, and antibacterial properties. Tea Tree Oil provides anti-inflammatory relief and can treat cuts and abrasions.  Tea tree has a nutmeg scent and is native to Australia.

Organic Essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (Organic, Tea Tree) is found in our Purifying Sea Mask, Spot on Acne, and Blemish Antiseptic Oil.

Organic Melaleuca alternifolia is also in our Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer.

 

 

Essential Oil of Mentha piperita (Organic, Peppermint)

Essential Oil of Mentha piperita (Organic, Peppermint) is used as an antibacterial ingredient and cooling agent when diluted with other natural products. Peppermint oil is derived from the bark and leaves of a peppermint plant. It is also rich in nutrients including iron, magnesium, calcium, folate, potassium, and copper. Peppermint also contains omega-3 fatty acids, Vitamin A and Vitamin C.

Organic, Essential Oil of Mentha piperita (Peppermint) is used in our Dual Action Cooling Gel.

 

 

Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis (Organic, Rosemary)

Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis (Organic, Rosemary) is a powerful antiseptic and stimulant that encourages dry, mature skin to produce more of its own natural oils. The oil is extracted from the inside of the Rosemary plant. Rosemary increases circulation and energy flow.

Organic Essential Oil of Rosmarinus officinalis is found in our Dual Action Cooling Gel.

 

 

Essential Oil of Salvia sclarea (Organic, Clary Sage)

Essential Oil of Salvia sclarea (Organic, Clary Sage) is warming and very relaxing to the skin. It is used as a nourishing ingredient in lotions and baths for all skin types as well as in fine perfumes. The oil is an aromatic extract of the tall stately herb that is cultivated both in Italy and Syria.

Organic Essential Oil of Salvia sclarea (Clary Sage) is in our Marine+ Vitamin C Serum.

 

 

Ethyl Alcohol

Ethyl Alcohol is one of four types of alcohol, also known as grain alcohol, ethyl is derived from yeast, starch, and sugar using grapes and grains.  And yes, it is this type of alcohol that is found in beverages.  Its use in cosmetics is mainly for antiseptic purposes to cleanse the skin.  It is used in extremely small quantities, so don’t worry, you won’t get intoxicated no matter how often you use Ocean Rescue products.

Ethyl alcohol is used in our Dual Action Cooling Gel and Spot on Acne.

 

 

Evodiamine

Edodiamine is from the Tetradium genus of trees.  Okay, its a tree in Asia and also goes by the name of Bee bee tree.  Why you ask?  It is prized by beekeepers for its dense flowers that emerge in July and August, and thus, the bee party. Edodiamine a compound extracted from the tree and is used for its anti – infectious and anti – inflammatory properties.

Edodiamine is found in our HydraBoost Recovery Cream.

 

  

French Green Clay

French Green Clay can’t be that hard to figure out, but names can be deceiving.  Yes, it’s green but not always from France.  A lot of it is, including ours, but similar clays with the similar properties are found in the U.S., Asia, and Europe.  Why is used in masks?  It is a stimulant and does a terrific job absorbing oils, toxicity, and impurities from the skin, all the while toning as it goes.

French Green Clay is in our Purifying Sea Mask.

 

 

Fruit Extracts

 

What can we say that you already can’t figure out?  It’s in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.  Please don’t try to eat it.

 

 

 

Fucus Vesiculosus Algae Extract

Fucus vesiculosus algae extract, also known as rockweed or bladderwrack, is a brown algae found on the coasts of the North Sea, Baltic Sea, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. It is rich in iodine, beta-carotene, potassium, bromine and polysaccharides along with other minerals. Fucus algae is used to improve skin elasticity and tone.

Why the odd name of bladderwrack?  The wrack is the structure of the organism and if you look closely, you will see small air bladders along the frond, usually in pairs. These air bladders aid in the process of photosynthesis by maximizing the exposure of the fronds to the water and sun.

Fucus vesiculosus algae extract is found in our HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Marine Bio-repair Serum, and Marine Firming Cream.

 

 

 

Glycine Soja Protein (Wild Soybean) & Oxidoreductases

Glycine Soja Protein (Wild Soybean) and Oxidoreductases are derived from soybean amino acids. It is rich in proteins, minerals and vitamins which nourish and re-condition the skin.  It is effective in helping diminish the appearance of creasing around the eyes and protecting the skin from environmental stressors.  Now, about those oxidoreductases.  They are a type of enzyme that help transfer electrons from one molecule to another.  Why is that good you ask?  It gets rid of free radicals and reduces puffiness and stress around the eyes.

Glycine Soja Protein (Wild Soybean) & Oxidoreductases is found in our Luminous Eye Serum.

 

 

Glucosamine HCL

Glucosamine HCL is an ingredient extracted from seashells and crustacean exoskeletons and used topically to reverse the effects of skin cells damaged by UV exposure. Glucosamine occurs naturally in our bodies as part of our cartilage tissue and joints.

Glucosamine HCL is found in Oxygenated Marine Complex.

 

 

Glycerin

Glycerin is an organic common simple sugar compound derived from fats and vegetable oils. It is a clear liquid that has a high boiling point and freezes into a sort of paste. When added to cosmetic products, it calms sensitive or easily irritated skin. It can slow or prevent excessive drying of the skin. This ingredient is used cosmetically in Ocean Rescue formulas to replenish and hydrate skin.

Glycerin is found in our Purifying Sea Mask, Oxygenated Marine Complex, Antioxidant Marine Serum, MicroPearl Exfoliator, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine Firming Cream, Marine Hydrating Mask, Sea Clear Cleansing Gel, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Dual Action Cooling Gel, All Day Hydrating Mist, Citrus Cleansing Milk, and Vitamin C Eye Serum.

 

 

 

Glycolic Acid

Glycolic Acid is naturally derived from sugar cane and is used in Ocean Rescue formulas to remove dead skin cells, dirt, and oil that clogs pores. It also aids in diminishing skin discoloration caused by the environment and sun.

Glycolic Acid is contained in our Marine+ Vitamin C Serum and SeaClear Cleansing Gel.

 

 

 

Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower Seed) Oil

Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower Seed) Oil is derived from pressed sunflower seeds of the sunflower plant. It is a very light textured oil used to help the skin retain moisture. It is especially good for all skin types, especially skin damaged by outside elements. Sunflower oil is excellent for use on delicate skin such as around the eye area. The oil contains vitamins A, D, and E and has anti-oxidant properties.

We wondered about a few things when preparing this.  First, after a few months of researching ingredients, we sort of took helianthus in stride.  It is from Greek,helios means sun, and anthos means flower.  Pretty easy to put that together. What about annuus.  No, it doesn’t mean that.  It means annual and it is pronounced “a new oos.”

So we got that out of the way.  How about the next issue.  Do sunflowers follow the sun?  Some say yes, some say no, so we called up a plant guy…actually a very smart female professor.  The answer is no, they do not follow the sun. We can already hear the booing out there.  Here’s the real deal.  When the flowers are growing, the leaves follow the sun, as do most flowers that depend on photosynthesis.  But when the bud blooms, the vine strengthens and that behavior stops.  The flowers face mostly the same easterly direction. Sorry.

But we didn’t stop there.  See that magical pattern in the closeup picture.  Therein lies one of the mysteries of the universe.  It’s called the Golden Spiral, or Golden Ratio. That will take an entire section to tell you about, so stay tuned.  It doesn’t have much to do with skin care.  We don’t know for certain.  As you may have noticed, we tend to stray off the beaten path now and then.  For now, think 137.5º. Are you really good at math?  Compared to us, you probably are. Can you get your concepts across to us non-math types?  Do a write-up of this pattern and send it to us.  First one in that we like the best will get posted and we’ll come up with a nice reward for you.

Sunflower Seed Oil can be found in our Blemish Antiseptic Oil, Marine Body Silk, MicroPearl Exfoliator, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Vitamin C Eye Serum, Sensitive Skin Calming Oil, ReFresh Marine Cleanser, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, Botanical Balancing Cleanser, Citrus Cleansing Milk, and Marine+ Vitamin C Serum.

 

 

Hexapeptide-11

Hexapeptide-11 is derived from a species of yeast known as Saccharomyces cerevisiae.  Think of peptides (there are many types) as similar to proteins.  They help alert the body to make new collagen when the skin becomes old or damaged.  It is commonly used in moisturizers, eye care, and products seeking to increase the firmness of skin through collagen production.

Hexapeptide-11 is found in our Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Oxygenated Marine Complex, and Vitamin C Eye Serum.

 

 

Hibiscus Extract

Hibiscus, also known as Rose Mallow, is a calming scented flower that contains natural skin healing properties and a soothing aroma commonly used in skincare and bath oils.  Hibiscus is used in Ocean Rescue products as an extract and as a flower acid to preserve the elasticity of all skin types. Hibiscus flowers are found globally in warmer, tropical climates.

Hibiscus Extracts are found in our Dual Action Cooling Gel, Citrus Cleansing Milk, Purifying Sea Mask, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, and MicroPearl Exfoliator.

 

 

Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic Acid, also known as glycosaminoglycan, is naturally present in the human body, especially around the eyes.  It is used by doctors to treat joint pain, eye injuries, and minor burns and skin wounds.

Hyaluronic Acid is found in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Hydroxycellulose

Hydroxycellulose is derived from naturally occurring cellulose.  This is a water soluble thickening agent widely used in the cosmetic industry.  It is often used to help emulsify and stabilize formulas using oils and water.

Hydroxycellulose is used in our Dual Action Cooling Gel.

 

 

Isotonic Sea Water

Isotonic Seawater (Salt Water) is filtered seawater that has been diluted down to the same pure concentration of salts and minerals found in human blood. The result is water with about one-third of the salts found in regular ocean water. The most important health benefit of pure seawater is the addition of all of the ocean’s healing minerals and nutrients.

Isotonic Sea Water is used in our MicroPearl Exfoliator, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Vitamin C Eye Serum, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, Citrus Cleansing Milk, All Day Hydrating Mist, Antioxidant Marine Serum, Dual Action Cooling Gel, Marine Hydrating Mask, Purifying Sea Mask, SeaClear Cleansing Gel, and Marine+ Vitamin C Serum.

 

 

 

Juniperus communis (Juniperberry)

Juniperus communis (Juniperberry) – this little berry has lots of uses.  In Ocean Rescue’s formulations, we were a bit less imaginative than some others.  We’ll get to that in a minute.  We use the oil for its mild antiseptic properties but mainly as a natural scent.  But, one can learn a lot with just a bit of research.  Apparently, there is a tradition in Northern Poland, and only on Easter Monday mind you, where young boys chase young girls with juniper twigs, whacking them on the leg (reportedly gently) with the twigs.  It is supposed to bring love and good fortune to the girls.  Right.  My sister would have hauled off and flattened the guy.  More uses you ask?  Juniper berries were (are…we don’t know) used by Native Americans as a female contraceptive.  We really don’t want to know how that works but it does make you wonder what the inspiration was for that idea.  All we have to say is that Ocean Rescue has never chased anyone on Easter Monday, or, well, you know, done any of that with our supply of juniper.  Like we said, it just has a nice scent to it.

Juniperus communis is used in our ReFresh Marine Cleanser, Blemish Antiseptic Oil, and Spot on Acne.

 

 

Lecithin (Anacystis nidulans)

Lecithin (Anacystis nidulans) is a form of light-sensitive phytoplankton that when combined with other extracts, protects the skin from environmental stressors.

Lecithin is used in our Marine Contour Cream.

 

 

Kaolin

Kaolin is a white, soft, malleable mineral commonly found in nature.  It is ground into many forms and has a wide variety of uses, but when used in the cosmetic industry, its final state is in the form of a pale white powder.  It is used in the Ocean Rescue Purifying Sea Mask for its pore-refining benefits and the ability to draw impurities from the skin.

Kaolin is found in Spot on Acne and Purifying Sea Mask.

 

 

Lactobacillus & Coconut Extract

Lactobacillus & Coconut Extract is a naturally derived preservative designed specifically to prevent the growth of yeast and mold.  It is effective in the effort to eliminate parabens with natural antimicrobial products.   It is used together with leuconostoc, or radish root ferment, as a natural antifungal mild preservative rich inn lauric acid.

Lactobacillus & Coconut Extract is used as preservative in our MicroPearl Exfoliator, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Vitamin C Eye Serum, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, Citrus Cleansing Milk, All Day Hydrating Mist, Antioxidant Marine Serum, Botanical Balancing Cleanser, Marine Hydrating Mask, Purifying Sea Mask, SeaClear Cleansing Gel, ReFresh Marine Cleanser, and Marine+ Vitamin C Serum.

 

 

Laminaria Algae

Laminaria is a large brown algae, often called kelp. It is one of the world’s oldest sea plants. Laminaria algae naturally store marine minerals and trace elements in a highly concentrated form. Ocean Rescue products use these active ingredients as a protective shield against harmful environmental stressors and as a moisturizer. Laminaria in its various forms firm and smooth the skin.

Some form of Laminaria is used in all of Ocean Rescue’s products.

 

Lavendula Angostifolia (Lavender) Oil

Lavendula Angostifolia (Lavender) Oil – similar to its close cousin, Essential Oil of Lavender; this oil is used  for its healing properties and pleasant scent.  It is actually part of the mint family and is used as an herb and as an ornamental flower.  The oil is used to calm and cleanse skin.

Lavender oil is used in our Botanical Balancing Cleanser and Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer.

 

 

L-ergothioneine

L-ergothioneine is an amino acid. It is a nutrient whose purpose is to act as a building block of proteins. It is an antioxidant and is typically intended for minimizing the effects of stress on the skin. It is derived from many types of grains, plants, and beans, and is also found in oyster and other types of mushrooms.

L-ergothioneine can be found our Antioxidant Marine Serum, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Oxygenated Marine Complex, and Vitamin C Eye Serum.

 

 

Leuconostoc (Radish Root Ferment)

Leuconostoc (Radish Root Ferment)  This fermented vegetable root is a fantastic substitute for non-natural preservatives.  When used as a catalyst in the fermentation process, it works quite well.  Our formulas need to have some level of preservative, so it may as well be a proven natural one.  Leuconostoc works together with Lactobacillus & Coconut Extract to give our products an extended shelf life.

Leuconostoc (Radish Root Ferment) is used in our MicroPearl Exfoliator, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Vitamin C Eye Serum, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, Citrus Cleansing Milk, All Day Hydrating Mist, Antioxidant Marine Serum, Botanical Balancing Cleanser, Marine Hydrating Mask, Purifying Sea Mask, SeaClear Cleansing Gel, ReFresh Marine Cleanser, and Marine+ Vitamin C Serum.  Our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer also uses a filtrate form of Leuconostoc.

 

 

L-Fucose

L-Fucose is a form of free sugar found at low levels in mammals.  Bio-based L-Fucose is natural and manufactured from a beech wood hydrolysate without solvents.  It is recognized as an important sugar playing a role in cell to cell interactions and is used as an anti-inflammatory.

L-Fucose is used in our HydraBoost Recovery Cream.

 

 

 

Licorice Root Extract

Licorice Root Extract – do you know that some people use licorice as a shampoo?  We didn’t until we looked up.  It just so happened to be a favorite of King Tut (we read that he was buried with it).  Our old friend Pliny the Elder, who makes a guest appearance elsewhere on our site, “…recommended it to clear the voice and alleviate thirst and hunger.”  We don’t know who quoted it originally.  It’s all over the place if you look it up.  We just assume it was from Pliny himself.  It was good for long marches and in the Middle Ages, was the Tums of its day.  It seems that there’s almost no malady that licorice won’t help with.  We feel the same about chocolate.  But really, why do we like it?  We mainly use it for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as its effectiveness in helping to control Rosacea and dark spots on the skin.

Licorice Root Extract is used in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Linoleate

Linoleate is basically a salt, derived from linoleic acid, itself an Omega 6 fatty acid.  It is used as an emollient to bind other ingredients together.

Linoleate is found in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Lithothamnium Algae

Lithothamnium Algae is a red seaweed that grows very slowly. It has a coral like structure and thrives in depths of about 60 to 90 feet, mostly on the sandy surface of the seabed. Some concentrations of this algae can form reefs several centuries old. Because it grows very slowly, it absorbs large amounts of the trace elements in the water and as a result is rich in calcium, magnesium, boron, and zinc. Besides its nutrient content, lithothamnium acts as a superior exfoliating agent.

Lithothamnium Algae can be found in our Purifying Sea Mask.

Lithothamnium Algae Extract can be found in our MicroPearl Exfoliator, and Dual Action Cooling Gel.

 

Lonicera Japonica (Honeysuckle) 

Lonicera japonica (Honeysuckle) is native to Asia (japonica is of Japan), has a nice sounding name and a pretty flower, but is considered an invader in the U.S. because of its fast unruly growth.  Believe it or not, it is capable of smothering bushes and even causing small trees to topple.  It must be true.  We found a picture of Honeysuckle trying to eat a fence.  Another shot from the front lines showing one actually devouring an entire wall.  Honeysuckle extract is used as a natural preservative because of its antibacterial and antiviral properties, and it also has the benefit of protecting against ultra-violet rays.

Honeysuckle extract isn’t used in any of our products anymore in favor of more effective natural preservatives, but we liked the picture and story so much we decided to let it stay in our index for awhile.  Keep your distance.  These things are slow but as you can see, a bit dangerous.

 

 

Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) 

Mentha piperita (Peppermint) oil, a less concentrated version of our Essential Oil of Mentha Piperita, is actually a cross between spearmint and watermint.  We’ve never heard of watermint until we started researching all of our ingredients.  The peppermint oil is used to relieve skin irritation and inflammation.  It calms rashes, itchiness, and dry skin.  The main component of Mentha piperita is menthol.  It has a pleasant smell, probably reminds you of the holidays, and is used to make candy canes.

Mentha piperita oil is used in our ReFresh Marine Cleanser and MicroPearl Exfoliatior.  Menthol is used on our Dual Action Cooling Gel.

 

 

Mentha Veridis (Spearmint)

Mentha Veridis (Spearmint), similar to its minty cousin, peppermint, grows in just about any climate but is native to Europe and Asia.  Unlike peppermint though, spearmint contains very little menthol.  Spearmint gets its distinctive smell from Carvone, which is a member of a family of natural chemicals called terpenoids.  It is the same basic chemistry that produces the distinctive smell from an orange rind.  We use it mainly for its natural scent, but history tells us that it (used to) have many other uses.  In 1597, John Gerard authored a book entitled Herbal, in which he states: [Spearmint] is good against watering eyes and all manner of break outs on the head and sores.  It is applied with salt to the biting of mad dogs.”  Really.  Look it up.  Also, we found this:  “They lay it on the stinging of wasps and bees with good success.”  And there’s something about feasts and banquets, but we’ll stop here for now.  Like we mentioned, we use it for the nice scent and we do try to keep our distance from mad dogs.

Mentha Veridis (Spearmint) is used in our Purifying Sea Mask.

 

 

Micronized Silver

Micronized silver – yep, silver.  100% natural, and a mineral.  We know, you are probably thinking that’s what rich people are born with in their mouths or makes you think of your dad’s old bicycle.  This is a bit different.  Silver in this state is actually a natural antiseptic with antibacterial properties.  It also acts as a natural preservative.  Now, we don’t recommend you try chewing on that silver spoon your grandmother kept in the keepsake drawer.  Only your dentist would benefit from that.  But when used properly, silver can serve a noble purpose when it comes to the skin.

Micronized silver is found in our Marine Bio-repair Serum and Vitamin C Eye Serum.

  

 

Nannochloropsis Algae (Omega-7 & 3 Fatty Acids)

Nannochloropsis algae (Omega-7 & 3 fatty acids) is known as a genus of algae which is itself is comprised of six known species.  We all recall of course that a genus comes between family and species in the hierarchy of life.  If you want to know more about this sort of thing, go here: Here’s a picture, courtesy of Wikipedia, if you really want to see some nannochloropsis.  We found our own under a microscope.  Don’t go looking for them in our formulas.  You won’t be able to see them but they are in there doing good stuff.  They are high in fatty acids and contain a range of pigments including astaxanthin, a very powerful antioxidant.

Nannochloropsis algae is found in our Oxygenated Marine Complex, Marine Body Silk, and Antioxidant Marine Serum.

 

 

Olea Europaea (Olive)

Olea Europaea is just a fancy name for an olive, and sometimes olive butter.  A European olive if you insist.  Nothing terribly scientific about this ingredient.  No, we don’t put olives in any of our formulas so don’t go looking.  But we do use olive oil from time to time.  Did you know that the total annual worldwide production of olives is about 20,000,000 tons.  Let’s see now, at 80 olives per pound and 2,000 pounds per ton, we are talking about a lot of olives every single year.  And did you know that about 90% of all olives are pressed into olive oil, leaving only 10% for use in martinis, salads, and the occasional recipe.

Olea Europaea is used in our HydraBoost Recovery Cream.

 

 

 

Oleic Acid

Oleic Acid is found mostly in olive oil but is also derived from grapeseed and many other nuts, vegetables, and seeds.  It has been shown to promote the production of antioxidants, elements that can help trap harmful free radicals in the body.

Oleic Acid is in our Citrus Cleansing Milk.

 

 

 

Organic Honey

Organic Honey, not as easy as it sounds.  It all has to do with bee keepers, land owners, and certification testing.  The areas where bees pollinate has to be pesticide free and inspected regularly.  And the honey that is produced also goes through rigorous testing.  But why use honey?  First, it has been used for centuries as a natural moisturizer.  But honey also has antioxidants that work to fight bacteria.  When combined with water it also works as a mild antiseptic.  There is all kinds of science to back this up, and we even found recommendations out there to use just plain honey as a facial mask.  It works, but it sure is messy.  We recommend our Marine Hydrating Mask to get the same or better benefits without half the mess.  And using our approach, you won’t have to worry about bears sneaking up on you.

Organic Honey is used in our Marine Hydrating Mask.

 

 

 

Oryza sativa (Rice Bran)

Oryza sativa (Rice bran) – this is your basic every day variety of rice, a human staple since the dawn of time.  We use the oil, pressed from the inner and outer layers of the grain.  Benefits include acting as a natural sun protectant, shielding the skin from ultra violet radiation, high concentrations of vitamin E, and its properties as a moisturizer.  It is also high in squalene content making it very effective on dry skin.

Oryza sativa (Rice Bran) oil is used in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Palmitoleic acid (Omega-7 and Omega-3 Fatty Acids)

It isn’t necessary to take a course in organic chemistry to understand Omega-3 and Omega-7 fats, but it helps.  Assuming most reading this haven’t, or have forgotten, suffice it to say that these two fats are considered good fats.  Omega 3 is fairly well known.  Omega 7 a bit less so, but there are many sources of information out there for those who wish to know more.

Palmitoleic acid (Omega-7 fatty acids) is a monounsaturated fat.  It is found naturally in our skin and throughout nature, macadamia nuts or Sea Buckthorn for example.  Palmitoleic acid is not an essential fatty acid.  This means our bodies can make it.  We don’t need to get it from food. Omega-7 acts as an emollient and a moisturizer and helps slow moisture loss from the body.  Palmitoleic acid has also been found to act as a skin lightener.  The numerical designation 7 is technical in nature and has to do with the chemical structure of atoms that make it up. Omega-7 fatty acids are used to rejuvenate the skin and promote healing of dry, cracked skin and decrease inflammation. This is a powerful source of nourishment for the skin’s collagen, strengthening and repairing existing skin.

Omega-3 on the other hand is a polyunsaturated essential fatty acid.  It is more well-known than its Omega-7 cousin.  Our bodies can’t make it and we need to supplement in our diets or find other sources in order to get it.  It is abundant in fatty fish such as salmon, sardines, and tuna.  It is also found in some vegetables, seeds and nuts.

Omega-7 and 3 Fatty Acids are in our Marine Bio-repair Serum, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Blemish Antiseptic Oil, and Sensitive Skin Calming Oil.

 

 

 

Pancratium Maritimum (Sea Daffodil or Sea Lily)

 

Pancratium Maritimum (Sea Daffodil or Sea Lily) is a plant species found along the coasts of the Mediterranean region. The extracts from this sustainable source reduce dark spots by brightening and lightening skin.

Pancratium Maritimum (Sea Daffodil or Sea Lily) can be found in our Marine+ Vitamin C Serum and Vitamin C Eye Serum.

 

 

Panthenol

Panthenol is a natural hydrating form of vitamin B, otherwise known as pantothenic acid. It is an effective skin penetrator and has remarkable hydrating properties. When combined with allantoin, it can be useful to ease sun damage. Panthenol helps smooth and replenish skin.

Panthenol can be found in our MicroPearl Exfoliator, SeaClear Cleansing Gel, and Botanical Balancing Cleanser.

 

 

Pearl Crystals

Pearl Crystals are the grains which are made from a seawater pearls. The powder is rich in amino acids and contain minerals, calcium crystals, and conchiolin which is the substance that give pearls their shine. Pearl crystals aid in detoxification and can fight inflammation. When used in Ocean Rescue’s MicroPearl Exfoliator and applied topically to skin, it stimulates cell regeneration and skin renewal.

Pearl Crystals are found in our MicroPearl Exfoliator.

 

 

Perfluorodecalin & Perfluorohexane (Liquid Oxygen)

Perfluorodecalin & Perfluorohexane (Liquid Oxygen) is a compound that has the ability to dissolve and carry large amounts of oxygen to the surface of the skin.  It is a synthetic inert molecule that absorbs and stores high amounts of oxygen and when applied topically, mimics the bodies breathing process.  It has been the subject of research as a breathable liquid.  As we age, the oxygen levels in our skin deteriorates up to 50% by age 40.  Liquid oxygen helps to re-mediate this loss.  It is used as a skin conditioning agent, allowing oxygen to be diffused into the skin when applied directly. It is also used medically to speed the healing process and has been effective in helping to treat burn victims.

Perfluorodecalin & Perfluorohexane (Liquid Oxygen) is used in our HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Oxygenated Marine Complex, Vitamin C Eye Serum, and Antioxidant Marine Serum.

 

 

Persea gratissima (Avocado) oil

Persea gratissima (Avocado) oil – did you know that avocado is also known as butter fruit, alligator pear, and cheese pear?  There is an entire alphabet of breeds from the Choquette to the Zutano.  It is rich in vitamins including vitamin A, E, C, B, and K not to mention potassium, lecithin, and fatty acids.  There’s almost no end to its benefits.  Avocado oil is rich in sterolin which reduces the occurrence of dark spots and helps to soften skin. It is also used to help relieve inflamed skin conditions.  We like it for its moisturizing properties and its ability to protect from ultra-violet radiation.  Oh, and it’s a pretty good snack as well.  So, everyone knows what an avocado looks like so we thought we’d put up a picture of an avocado shake.  They make them in Indonesia and Philippines, but you can make one at home just as easy.  Blend 2 cups of ice cubes and a cup of whatever variety of milk that is on hand.  Then toss in a peeled and seeded avocado, a teaspoon of vanilla extract and two teaspoons of sugar.  Get your shake going and then pour it into a glass laced with chocolate syrup.  And there you have it.  Say thanks to Marjorie.

Avocado Oil is found in our Botanical Balancing Cleanser.

 

 

Phytosterols

Phytosterols, also known as plant sterols, are found in fruits, vegetables, lentils, soybeans, and whole grains, amongst others.  Rice bran, corn and wheat germ are the top 3 in terms of mg/100 grams.  The human body does not make phytosterols and they must be taken from dietary or other sources.  Phytosterols in skin care formulas are thought to calm inflammation.  As a dietary supplement, many people use phytosterols to control cholesterol.

Phytosterols are found in our HydraBoost Recovery Cream.

 

 

 

Plankton Extract

Plankton Extract comes from the marine species plankton, which are the base of the ocean’s food chain. Phytoplankton depend of photosynthesis and are food to many larger creatures of the ocean while contributing to the Earth’s oxygen supply. They are mostly single cell microscopic organisms and are literally everywhere in the ocean and simply drift with the oceans current. Plankton extract is used for antioxidant anti-inflammatory properties as well as their high concentration of omega 3 fatty acids.

Plankton Extract is used in our Marine Firming Cream and HydraBoost Recovery Cream.

 

 

 

Plantain

Plantain – we aren’t talking about the edible fruit, but we refer to the meadow flower that has the same spelling.  The official name is English Plantain but we are certain it isn’t the only one.  It has many less common but more interesting names.  Ribble Grass is our favorite.  Here’s few others:  Ribwort, Lamb’s Tongue. Hen Plant, and the medieval name of Quinquenervia.  We aren’t sure why.  It grows everywhere.  Chances are there’s some in your backyard.  Sometimes described as “a little gem,” the extract is anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and analgesic.  It is rich in vitamin C and helps hydrate the skin.

Plantain is used in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Polysorbate-20

Polysorbate-20 is a sugar alcohol, derived from sorbitol, which occurs naturally in many different fruits. It is most commonly used to emulsify oil and water. It’s a nonionic surfactant that is water-soluble and used as a dispersing agent. Polysorbate-20 is a fragrance component, a surfactant, an emulsifying and solubilizing agent used in skincare toners and sprays.

Polysorbate-20 is used in our All Day Hydrating Mist.

 

 

Porphyra Red Algae and Porphyra Red Algae Extract

Porphyra Red Algae and Porphyra Red Algae Extract are rich in omega fatty acids and anti-inflammatories that strengthen the elasticity of the skin. Porphyra is cold water seaweed that grows in shallow seawater.

Porphyra Red Algae and Porphyra Red Algae Extract are used in our MicroPearl Exfoliator, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Vitamin C Eye Serum, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, Citrus Cleansing Milk, All Day Hydrating Mist, Antioxidant Marine Serum, Botanical Balancing Cleanser, Marine Hydrating Mask, Purifying Sea Mask, SeaClear Cleansing Gel, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Dual Action Cooling Gel, Spot on Acne, and Oxygenated Marine Complex.

 

 

Pumice

 

Pumice is a volcanic rock that has an unusual foamy texture. It is formed in volcanic activity and ejected from the earth under high pressure and great heat.  It rapidly cools as it is exposed to the air. For our purposes, it is ground into a fine powder and used as gentle exfoliator to aid in the removal of dead skin cells.  However, someone back about 800 years ago had a much more creative mind than we did and made a king out of pumice.  Pretty cool.  If you want to see the real thing, head on over to the Metropolitan Museum of Art (aka The Met Fifth Avenue), Gallery 304, The Medieval Europe Gallery.  That’s where King Pumice is living nowadays.  Or just get some MicroPearl Exfoliator and it’ll make you feel like the royalty that you are.

Pumice is used in our MicroPearl Exfoliator.

 

 

 

Pycnogenol

Pycnogenol is the US registered trademark name for a French pine bark extract known as Pinus pinaster.  It can also be taken from other types of bark such as witch hazel or grape seed.  It aids in circulation and promotes healthier skin tone.

Pycnogenol is used in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

 

Red Clay

Red Clay, as the other clays in our products, serve several purposes.  Clay’s are similar in that they absorb and draw out toxins in the skin.  As a result, they tighten the skin’s surface, improve circulation, and help clear the skin’s texture.  Clay’s differ in their composition and the types of minerals them can impart.  Red clay from France, also known as Rhassoul Clay from Morocco, is mineral rich.  It has copper, magnesium, calcium, iron, silica, and potassium…all of which condition the skin.

Red Clay is in our Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer and Spot on Acne.

 

 

 

Resveratrol

Resveratrol is found naturally in the skin of red grapes, blueberries, mulberries, raspberries, and Japanese knotweed. Resveratrol acts as an antioxidant, an anti-inflammatory and DNA repairing compound.  Have you heard about red wine in moderate amounts helping prevent damage to blood vessels and lowering bad cholesterol?  Resveratrol is the active ingredient that researchers point to.

Resveratrol is used in our Antioxidant Marine Serum, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Oxygenated Marine Serum, and Vitamin C Eye Serum.

 

 

 

Rhatany Root Extract

Rhatany root – is an uncommon ingredient containing high concentrations of tannins known as Rhataniatannic acid that reduces swelling and inflammation.  Sounds like one of favorite characters on Saturday Night Live, RIP.  Anyway, Rhatany is a shrub that grows primarily in mountainous regions of Peru and across the Americas.  It is also known as krameria root.  The beneficial agents of Rhatany are found in its bark and its root.

Rhatany root extract is used in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

 

Riboflavin

Riboflavin – a princely type of Vitamin B formerly known a Vitamin G.  It comes from ribose, a sugar whose reduced form is ribitol and flavin (aka flavus), which is the oxidized molecule that gives it a yellowish color.  It naturally occurs in our blood stream and is water soluble, meaning our bodies must constantly renew it.  Low levels of riboflavin cause all kinds of unpleasant things.  We won’t go into detail because none of us are qualified in the fine science of medicine.   It is found in all kinds of food sources including diary products, vegetables, nuts, and meats.

Riboflavin is used in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

 

Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary)

Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) smells good, grows just about everywhere in the American Southwest, and tastes good on chicken.  It is actually a member of the mint family and its cousins are lavender, orgenano and thyme.  We like the name.  It means sea dew.  Ros is Latin for dew and marinus means sea.  It has lots of Vitamin B6, calcium, and iron and seems to be good for a whole host of things besides chicken.  It is said to improve brain function and memory.  We are still waiting to see if we are going to get smarter.  As far as Ocean Rescue is concerned, we like it for its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties.

Rosemary is used in our Spot on Acne, Blemish Antiseptic Oil, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Marine Body Silk, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, and ReFresh Marine Cleanser.

 

 

 

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic Acid is derived from the bark of the Willow Tree. It is a deep exfoliating and skin conditioning agent that is naturally made up of beta hydroxyl acids. It is used in Ocean Rescue formulas to help clear and prevent skin blemishes in people who have acne as well as environmental damage under the surface of mature skin.

Salicylic Acid is used in our Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer and Purifying Sea Mask.

 

 

 

Salvia officinalis (Sage) and Salvia sclarea (Clary Sage)

Salvia officinalis (Sage) – common sage has lots of uses, both culinary where most of us have come across it, and in skin care.  Sage stimulates the surface of the skin and has antibacterial and antiseptic properties.  It also helps calm different types of skin irritations and its antioxidants help push back signs of stress.  Sage has high concentrations of vitamin A and calcium.

Some researchers also point to sage as a source of “enhanced cognitive performance.”  Our guess is that means you will do better on tests and be an all-around better person.  We aren’t quite certain how that works though.  Maybe you make a necklace out of some sage and wear it when you go to take your finals. Let us know if it works, but we suggest you study anyway, just in case the research isn’t quite as solid as we thought.

When researching sage, we have to let you know about how the Missouri Botanical Garden describes this herb:  “[Sage] features whorls of two-lipped, lavender-blue flowers (to 1 inch long) in short, upright spikes in late spring.” Whorls?  What a great word and a colorful description.

Anyway, that’s it for our sage show tonight.  Be sure to join us next week when our special guest will be Star Anise.

Sage is used in our ReFresh Marine Cleanser.  Clary Sage is used in our Sensitive Skin Calming Oil.

 

 

 

Sesamum indicum (Sesame seed oil)

Sesamum indicum (Sesame seed oil) – so this one got us to thinking, where did the phrase “Open Sesame” come from.  We looked it up.  It comes from One Thousand and One Nights and the story of Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves.  Something to do with a scroll, on which were recorded all sorts of medicinal uses of plants and herbs, probably considered magical at the time.  The scroll was hidden in a charmed cave and to open the cave, Ali overheard the bad guys muttering Open Sesame.  So apparently he goes into the cave with his brother, who later forgets the phrase and becomes trapped, but not before trying to open the cave with the name of other grains on the scroll.  Does it have anything to do with Sesame Street?  Yes, lore has it that the name referred to a location where magical and exciting things happen.  We aren’t sure if it’s true, but it makes for a nice story.  Anyway, on with the show.  Sesame oil is sort of magical itself.  It is high in Vitamin E, B complex, and A.  It contains zinc, copper, magnesium and phosphorus, making it a blockbuster for antioxidants.  It absorbs into the skin easily and is known to soothe skin suffering damage from the environment and overexposure to sun.  It is an excellent moisturizer and acts to keep the skin hydrated.  Can’t go wrong with this stuff, and now you know a little bit of its history.  We aren’t sure we have it completely right (we tend to think that everything on the internet is true) but if you know of a different version, let us know.

Oh.  If you are wondering about the picture, we wanted to use one of the signs that says Sesame Street on it but figured this street looked a lot more interesting than a sign.

Sesame seed oil is used in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

Sodium Hyaluronate

Sodium Hyaluronate is the sodium salt of hyaluronic acid which itself is a naturally occurring substance in the body. It helps skin absorb water more effectively because of its small molecular size. It can hold up to 1,000 times its weight in water and can reduce any sort of trans-epidermal water loss.

Sodium Hyaluronate can be found in HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Vitamin C Eye Serum, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, All Day Hydrating Mist, Antioxidant Marine Serum, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Dual Action Cooling Gel, and Oxygenated Marine Complex.

 

Sodium PCA

Sodium PCA is the salt of a natural amino acid known as pyroglutamic acid, and is found in many proteins.  It also occurs naturally in the skin and help cells retain moisture.  It absorbs easily and is a humectant, holding its own weight in water several times over.  It is derived from different fruits and vegetables and is also found in seaweed and algae.

Sodium PCA is used on our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Spirulina maxima (Algae)

Spirulina maxima algae is a microscopic blue-green algae thriving on photosynthesis. It lives on sunlight and has existed and evolved over billions of years. Spirulina is a type of blue-green algae that is very rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, carotenoids and antioxidants. It is known as superfood for the health of skin and body and is eaten regularly in many different cultures. Spirulina algae extract is such a nutrient-rich plant that it can help reduce dark spots and inflamed skin conditions.

Spirulina Algae & Spirulina Algae Extract can be found in our Marine Body Silk, All Day Hydrating Mist, and ReFresh Marine Cleanser.

 

 

Squalane

Squalane is derived from squalene (notice they are spelled differently). Squalene is present in both animals and plants, usually rice bran, wheat germ, olives or amaranth seed. It is a rapidly absorbing botanical lipid that completely penetrates the skin. Its hydration properties help to prevent the formulation of dark spots and protects against harmful UV radiation of the sun. It will aid in clearing difficult problems such as scars, inflamed skin, rashes, and dry cracked skin.

Squalane can be found in our Botanical Balancing Cleanser, Blemish Antiseptic Oil, and Sensitive Skin Calming Oil.

 

 

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate (Vitamin C Ester)

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate (Vitamin C Ester) is a mild form of vitamin C that is modified to be more lipid soluble, which means that it can easily penetrate the surface layer of the skin. Vitamin C Ester stimulates collagen and connective tissue production, which strengthens and repairs capillary walls. This ingredient is also used for its high quality antioxidants.

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate is used in our Marine Bio-repair Serum, Vitamin C Eye Serum, Antioxidant Marine Serum, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Blemish Antiseptic Oil, Sensitive Skin Calming Oil, and Oxygenated Marine Complex.

 

 

Thymus Vulgaris (Thyme)

Thymus Vulgaris is the most abundant variety of thyme and is part of the mint family.  It contains antiseptic and astringent properties.  It may be applied to treat oily or problem skin as a means to disinfect and protect.

Thymus Vulgaris is found in our Blemish Antiseptic Oil, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, Purifying Sea Mask, and Spot on Acne.

 

 

Tocopherol Oil (Vitamin E)

Tocopherol Oil (Vitamin E) is derived from various plant, fruit and nut sources.  Some examples are wheat germ, almonds, sunflowers, hazelnuts, peanuts, spinach, broccoli, soybean oil, kiwi, and mangoes. It is an ultra-hydrating, healing and protective oil, light in texture that is readily absorbed by all skin types. Tocopherol oil is a powerful antioxidant that combats effects of free radicals and protects skin from environmental damage.

Tocopherol Oil is used in our MicroPearl Exfoliator, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine Bio-repair Serum, Marine Firming Cream, Vitamin C Eye Serum, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, All Day Hydrating Mist, Antioxidant Marine Serum, Marine Hydrating Mask, Purifying Sea Mask, SeaClear Cleansing Gel, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Spot on Acne, Marine Body Silk, Blemish Antiseptic Oil, ReFresh Marine Cleanser, Sensitive Skin Calming Oil, Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer, and Oxygenated Marine Complex.

 

 

 

Tricolor Wild Pansy (Jack Jump Up and Kiss Me)

Tricolor (Wild pansy) – well, we had thought Ribble Grass (Plantain) was the best alternate name we’d come across so far, but Wild Pansy has now won the all-time best ever ingredient with the coolest alternate names, info courtesy of Wikipedia.  Ready for this…both quality and quantity: Tickle-my-fancy, Come-and-cuddle-me, Three faces in a hood, Love-in-idleness, Heartsease and the all-time best alternate name goes to: Wild Pansy for Jack-jump-up-and-kiss-me.    This flower has been cool through the ages.  In Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Oberon speaks to Puck of Cupid and Love-in-Idleness…

Fetch me that flower, the herb I showed thee once.
The juice of it on sleeping eyelids laid
Will make or man or woman madly dote
Upon the next live creature that it sees.

For more on Oberon and how he deals with his problems with Titania using his command over Love-in-idleness, well, now you know what to read.  Time for us to get back to work.

Who needs oysters when you have a field full of Tricolor?  So what do we use it for?  First, its edible, like our seaweeds.  The extracts contain antioxidants and are reportedly good for the heart, hence one of its Shakespearean names of Heartsease.  Its anti-microbial properties are useful in skin care and can be useful for treatment of eczema and acne.  Sometimes it would seem that this flower thinks for itself.  As you would imagine, it is quite delicate.  Did you know that when it rains, it bends over so only its stem is exposed?  Well, jump up and kiss me.  We didn’t know that.

Jack-jump-up-and-kiss-me is used in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

Undaria Algae (Wakame)

Undaria Algae is a brown algae and like all algae’s, concentrates the ocean’s minerals.  Think magnesium, iron, phosphorous, and calcium.  It is rich in Vitamins A and C and E, along with omega fatty acids.  It is also known as wakame.  Undaria’s benefits manifest themselves in maintaining vital tissue and cell functions and aids in protecting against damaging environmental effects and premature aging.

Undaria Algae is in our SeaClear Cleansing Gel and Citrus Cleansing Milk.

 

 

 

Vanilla Tahitensis

Vanilla tahitensis is one of three types of vanilla that grows in the Polynesian Islands. It comes from the edible vanilla orchard. Vanilla tahitensis has limited skincare benefit but does work nicely as a natural scent.

Vanilla tahitensis is used in our HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, and Marine Bio-repair Serum.

 

 

Vitis vinifera (Grapeseed)

Vitis vinifera (Grapeseed) is your common everyday grape.  Most of the time we go for seedless grapes for that summer time snack, but if you get the variety that has seeds, then you’ve got yourself a find vitis vinifera.  The oil extract comes for the skin and seeds.  Vitis vinifera has natural antioxidant and anti-microbial properties.  It used extensively as a skin conditioner and is a natural preservative.  Also of benefit in our formulas is its ability to absorb ultra-violet radiation making it useful for skin protection.

Vitis vinifera (Grapeseed) is used in our Ultra-light SPF 30 Moisturizer.

 

 

 

Wax

Wax.  Really?  We promised to list everything, and we are almost at the end.  So we feel sort of obligated.  It’s in our HydraBoost Recovery Cream.  Waxes are organic compounds that consist of long alkyl chains. So what does adding wax do?  Waxes are an emulsifier.  In other words, wax works to combine two or more otherwise unmixable substances together, binding them in a way that they are not able to do in their natural stable state.  Think of oil and vinegar.  Poured into a bowl, they separate, but add some Dijon mustard, whisk together, and presto, a tasty salad dressing.  It is the same thing with wax.  Wax helps bind liquids together into a smooth consistent cream.

So far, we’ve only tried Wax in our HydraBoost Recovery Cream.  We’ll bet you’d have never noticed if we hadn’t call it to your attention.

 

 

Xanthan Gum

Xanthan gum.  Well, if Wild Pansy was one of our more interesting ingredients, xanthan gum has to be just about our most boring.  Someone has to be last it seems and this one qualifies. It is used mainly as a thickener and to prevent other ingredients from separating, although it is not itself an emulsifier.  It’s kind of like the handrail for all the other ingredients…it keeps everyone from falling overboard. It is often used as a substitute for gluten for foods made for gluten-free diets.  Its source products are any number of grains or dairy (mostly corn), is produced by fermentation, and made into a polysaccharide.  You will find xanthan gum in everything from salad dressing to jelly beans.  Sadly, there are no alternate names for xanthan gum, amusing or otherwise.  Like we said.  Boring.  A thankless job but it has to be done.

So, this is the Xanthan Gum of Camelback Mountain.  If you are a local, then you will recognize the name as a mountain hiking trail here in our home town.  One of our staff saved a life on that exact spot about 8 years ago.

Chances are pretty good that you heard it here first.

Xanthan gum is used in our MicroPearl Exfoliator, HydraBoost Recovery Cream, Marine Firming Cream, Vitamin C Eye Serum, Non-oily Antiseptic Moisturizer, Citrus Cleansing Milk, Antioxidant Marine Serum, Marine Hydrating Mask, Purifying Sea Mask, SeaClear Cleansing Gel, Marine+ Vitamin C Serum, Spot on Acne, and ReFresh Marine Cleanser.

 

 

Eye of Newt (Witches Brew)

“Early Celebrity Chefs”

So, this ingredient party has to come to an end somewhere.  Francis, one of our first customers caught us in the middle of writing it (this ingredient section alone has taken us almost 7 months). Each day we’d post five or so new ingredients until we had worked our way through all 100 or so.  She asked us how we know so much about this stuff. The easy answer is that we’ve been working for a few years on Ocean Rescue, trying to get everything right and explain our ingredients as accurately as possible. Anyway, she wanted to know if we could tell her what eye of newt is.  No, but as good students of making sure we respond wherever we can, we promised to look it up for her. First, we were led to this quote, from a cartoon done by one certain John Donegan, in which he writes about three witches gathered around a cauldron, cooking up a questionable brew: “You can’t call it minestrone – minestrone doesn’t have newts in it.”  From that line, we found a few good stories, but this one seems to be the most authentic.

Eye of newt was referred to by the 2nd witch in Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Macbeth, or as it is more commonly known, just Macbeth.  When it was written, around 1606, witches were a pretty big deal.  No one really liked them but believed they were capable of all sorts of mischief and worse.  If a witch were caught, well, it never seemed to end well for the witch.

But, for the question at hand, let’s put things in context.  The witches liked to think they could control Macbeth by brewing up all sorts of, errrr, soups shall we say. Like most tales, there is some element of truth to all this.  Witches, or practicer of the Dark Arts as Snape would tell us, knew the power of herbs.  Here’s the chant Shakespeare’s 2nd witch (there were three at the meeting) went on with:

Eye of newt, and toe of frog,
Wool of bat, and tongue of dog,
Adder’s fork, and blind-worm’s sting,
Lizard’s leg, and howlet’s wing,–
For a charm of powerful trouble,
Like a hell-broth boil and bubble.”

Yikes.  Not something we’d order for lunch, but its not as scary as it sounds.  Eye of Newt was probably mustard seed, as it sort resembles a newts eye.  Newts by the way are lizard like critters. And yes, mustard seeds are used to make mustard and to keep your home free of being haunted, provided you spread the seeds around your doorstep.

Toe of frog?  It’s really a buttercup leaf.  Pretty name but you definitely don”t want to eat them.  You won’t feel or look well.  What does it have to do with a toe of frog?  The leaf looks like a frogs toe.  Makes sense.

Wool of bat?  Actually holly leaves.  If you lay holly leaves side by side, they resemble bats wings.

Tongue of dog – that’s the herb houndstongue.  We don’t really get this one. Houndstounge doesn’t look like any sort of dog, or hound we’ve seen, much less a tongue.  Apparently there is some folklore on this one.  Supposedly if you put one of the leaves in your shoe, you were able to ward off dogs.  Hmmm.  If that’s a real problem for you, then by all means give it a try.

Adders Fork is really Adders tongue, a real fern with an amazing resemblance to a snake’s tongue.  Just a fern but a spooky looking one and perfect for witches brew.  Check it out here. Looks just like a snake’s tongue, doesn’t it?

Blind-worm’s sting.  Easy.  A blindworm is a limbless reptile but they aren’t snakes.  Pretty harmless but creepy enough for witches.

Lizard leg is just ordinary ivy.  We aren’t certain of the relationship other than, similar to lizards, ivy spreads across the ground and up trees.

Howlet’s wing.  A howlet is an owl, so a howlet’s wing…

So there you have it Francis.  Eye of Newt and Witches Brew demystified.

Toe of frog, Wool of bat, Tongue of dog, Adders fork, Blindworms, Lizard legs, and Howlet’s wings are used in Witches Brew, but we don’t stock any of them.  And rest assured, none of these ingredients appear in any Ocean Rescue formula.

 

The cartoon illustration above is drawn by Wilbur Dawbarn and licensed from www.CartoonStock.com, 2 St. James’s Place, Bath, BA1 2TP, United Kingdom.